Video + introduction

In this lesson, I am teaching you about the two grammatical functions of ER.

You can find the video on YouTube here.

After watching the video, you can read the extensive PDF-files, you can also read the PDF-file I added about how to make passive sentences (especially to learn how to make passive sentences in the four tenses: present tense, imperfectum, perfectum and plusquamperfectum).

After that, there is a multiple choice quiz, an exercise to describe pictures and an assignment with sentences you have to rewrite and open questions!

Good luck!


I'm very excited you're showing an interest in my online classes!

However, due to many hours it takes me to make the videos and courses, I'm not able to respond to all the emails I am receiving, regarding content specific questions.

This is a course for self-study. If you have any questions related to the content, I advise you to ask your teacher at school, or find a nice teacher or tutor. There is the possibility to get 1 private class per month with me, so I can tutor you, if you become a patron (Silver or Gold):

If you don't have a teacher, and you're interested in having a tutor, give iTalki a try:

If you buy your first class via my affiliate link, I will give you a credit of max 5 euros to purchase classes in my online school! Please send me an e-mail and show me your purchase: [email protected]